This module introduces the range of microbial and
metazoan organisms and ecological systems in the
marine and fresh water environment. The curriculum
includes bacteria, algae, invertebrates, and vertebrates
(fish, birds, reptiles, and mammals) biology. The biology
of marine and fresh water organisms is considered in the
context of both adaptation at the level of the individual and
its expression in terms of large-scale latitudinal and depthrelated
variations in productivity and food web structure.
This exposes students to a detailed examination of the
physiology and behaviour of aquatic animals and plants,
with an emphasis on fi sh and crustaceans. Development,
growth, respiration, osmoregulation excretion,
reproduction, endocrinology, and sensory physiology are
discussed in relation to the effects of natural and artifi cial
environmental changes on physiological processes.
Field trips and laboratory-based classes will provide an
introduction to both ecological and physiological problems
in aquatic biology.
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