This module covers basic principles used in the study
of phenomena and manipulation of materials at the
atomic, molecular and macromolecular levels, where
properties differ significantly from those at a larger scale.
It addresses some of the simple design, characterisation,
production and application of structures, devices and
systems by controlling shapes and sizes at the nanometre
scale. This module focuses on what causes bulk properties
of materials to change dramatically with nano ingredients.
It draws attention to how quantum effects can begin
to dominate the behaviour of matter at the nano level,
affecting the optical, electrical and magnetic behaviour
of materials. Students taking this module will also learn
the need for nanomaterials and the distinction between
nanostructure and microstructure, as well as understand
the creation of nanostructures, and the production of
new materials with enhanced properties for advanced
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